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2018 to Present​

Pre-2018 publications available upon request



  1. Bourgeois-Law, G., Regehr, G., Teunissen, P., Varpio, L. (2022). Strangers in a strange land: The experience of physicians undergoing remediation. Medical Education. 56(6): 670-679.

  2. Norman, G., Sherbino, J., Varpio, L. (2022). The Scope of Health Professions Education Requires Complementary and Diverse Approaches to Knowledge Synthesis. Perspectives on Medical Education. 11. 139-143.  

  3. Bynum, W., Teunissen, P., Varpio, L. (2022). Response to: Drs. Fujikawa and Eto. Academic Medicine. In press.  

  4. Bourgeois-Law, G., Varpio, L., Regehr, G., Teunissen, P. (2021). Remediation in practice: A polarity to be managed. Journal of Continuing Education in the Health Professions. 42(2):130-134.     

  5. Olmos-Vega, F., Stalmeijer, R., Varpio, L., Kahlke, R. (2022). A practical guide to reflexivity in qualitative research. Medical Teacher. In press.

  6. Regher G., Varpio, L. (2022). Conferencing Well. Perspectives on Medical Education. 11(2): 101-103.

  7. Mount, G., Kahlke, R., Melton, J., Varpio, L. (2022). A Critical Review of Professional Identity Formation Interventions in Medical Education. Academic Medicine: RIME Supplement. 97(11S): S96-S106. 

  8. Cimino, F., Ma, TL., Barker, A.M., Stalmeijer, R.E., Varpio, L. (2022) Can we realize our potential?: A critical review of faculty roles and experiences in interprofessional education. Academic Medicine: RIME Supplement. 97(11S): S87-S95.    

  9. Barry, E.S., Merkebu, J., Varpio, L. (2022). State-of-the-art Literature Review Methodology: A 6-Step Approach for Knowledge Synthesis. Perspectives on Medical Education.11:281-288.   

  10. Kinnear, B., Schumacher, D.J., Driessen, E.W., Varpio, L. (2022). How argumentation theory can inform assessment validity: A critical review. Medical Education. 56(11):1064-1075.

  11. **Invited** Barry, E.S., Merkebu, J., Varpio, L. (2022). Understanding State-of-the-Art Literature Reviews. Journal of Graduate Medical Education. 14(6): 659-662.

  12. **Invited** Barry, E.S., Merkebu, J., Varpio, L. (2022). How to Conduct a State-of-the-Art Literature Review. (2022) Journal of Graduate Medical Education. 14(6): 663-665.

  13. Chamberland, M., Setrakian, J., Bergeron, L., Varpio, L., St-Onge, C., Thomas, A. (2022). Harnessing a knowledge transfer framework to implement an undergraduate medical education intervention: A longitudinal study. Perspectives on Medical Education. 11: 333-340.


  1. Varpio, L. (2021). Reflections on loss of mentors. Advances in Health Sciences Education. 26:329-333.

  2. Varpio, L., Bader, K., Hamwey, M., Semelrath, K., Paradis, E. (2021). Interprofessional education in the US military: harnessing simulation for team readiness. Journal of Interprofessional Care. 35(1):55-63. 

  3. St.-Onge, C., Young, M., Renaud, J.-S., Cummings, B.-A., Drescher, O., Varpio, L. (2021). Sound practices: An exploratory study of building and monitoring multiple-choice exams at Canadian Undergraduate Medical Education Programs. Academic Medicine. 96(2):271-277.   

  4. Varpio, L., Harvey, E., Jaarsma, D., Dudek, N., Hay, M., Day, K., Bader-Larsen, K., Cleland, J. (2021). Attaining full professor: An international qualitative study of the experiences of women’s and men’s experiences in academic medicine. Medical Education. 55(5):582-594. doi:10.1111/medu.14392.

  5. **Invited** Varpio, L., Ellaway, R. (2021). Shaping our worldviews: A conversation about and of theory. Advances in Health Sciences Education. 26:339-345. doi: 10.1007/s10459-021-10033-2.

  6. Kiger, M., Bautista, T., Hammond, C., Meyer, H., Varpio, L., Dong, T. (2021). Defragmenting the day: The effect of full-day continuity clinics on continuity of care and resident and attending perceptions of the clinic. Teaching and Learning in Medicine. 33(5): 546:553.

  7. Humphrey-Murto, S., Lingard, L., Varpio, L., Watling, C., Ginsburg, S., LaDonna, K., (2020). Learner Handover: Who is it really for? Academic Medicine. 95(5):686-689. doi: 10.1097/ACM.0000000000003842.

  8.  Varpio, L., Bader-Larsen, K., Hamwey, M., Meyers, H., Cruthirds, D., Durning, S., Artino, A. (2021). Delivering patient care during large-scale emergency situations: Lessons from military care providers. PLOS One. 16(3): e0248286. 

  9. Stalmeijer, R., Varpio, L. (2021). The wolf you feed: Challenging interprofessional workplace-based education norms. Medical Education. 55(8): 894-902.

  10. Bynum, W., Teunissen, P, Varpio, L. (2021). “In the shadow of shame”: A phenomenological exploration of the nature of shame experiences in medical students. Academic Medicine – Research in Medical Education (RIME) Supplement. 96(11S): S23-S30.

  11. Balmer, D., Varpio, L., Bennett, D., Teunissen, P. (2021). Longitudinal Qualitative Research in Medical Education: Different Conceptualizations of Time. Medical Education. 55(11): 1253-1260.     

  12. Bunin, J., Shohfi, E., Meyer, H., Ely, W., Varpio, L. (2021). The burden they bear: A scoping review of physician empathy in the ICU. Journal of Critical Care. 65:156-163. 

  13. Konopasky, A., Varpio, L., Stalmeijer, R. (2021). Holistic, Linguistic, Situated, and Agentive: Using Narrative Analysis in Health Professions Education. Medical Education. 55(12):1369-1375.  

  14. **Invited** Bunin JL, Shohfi E, Meyer H, Varpio L, "Response to: Interpersonal mentalizing processes of intensivists: some additional suggestions on empathy and theory of mind,” Journal of Critical Care, Jul 2021. 66:182-183.  

  15. Konopasky, A., Bunin, J., Varpio, L. (2021). The Philosophy of Agency: Agency as a Protective Mechanism Against Clinical Trainees’ Moral Injury. In Applied Philosophy for health Professions Education. Eds. M. Brown, M. Veen, G. Finn. Springer Publishers.   

  16. Bourgeois-Law, G., Varpio, L., Regehr, G., Teunissen, P. (2021). Remediation in practice: A polarity to be managed. Journal of Continuing Education in the Health Professions. 42(2):130-134.    

  17. Varpio, L., Bader-Larsen, K.S., Durning, S.J., Artino, A., Hamwey, M.K., Cruthirds, D.F., Meyer, H.S. (2021). Military Interprofessional Healthcare Teams: Identifying the Characteristics that Support Success. Military Medicine. 2021; 186(S3):1-6.      

  18. Barry, E.S., Bader-Larsen, K.S., Meyer, H.S., Durning, S.J., Varpio, L. (2021). Leadership and followership in military interprofessional healthcare teams. Military Medicine. 2021; 186(S3):7-15.    

  19. Cristancho, S., Field, E., Bader-Larsen, K.S., Varpio, L. (2021). Interchangeability in MIHTs: Lessons into collective self-healing and the benefits thereof. Military Medicine. 2021; 186(S3):16-22.    

  20. Meyer, H.S., Bader-Larsen, K.S., Artino, A., Varpio, L. (2021). Ethical Bearing is about Conduct: Ethics as an Essential Component of Military Interprofessional Healthcare Teams. Military Medicine. 2021; 186(S3):23-28.    

  21. Meyer, H.S., Durning, S.J., Bader-Larsen, K.S., Hamwey, M., Varpio, L. (2021). Perseverance: An Essential Trait of Military Interprofessional Healthcare Teams. Military Medicine. 2021; 186(S3):29-34.    

  22. Cruthird, D.F., Bader-Larsen, K.S., Hamwey, M., Varpio, L. (2021). Situation Awareness: Forecasting Successful Military Medical Teams. Military Medicine. 2021; 186(S3):35-41.    

  23. Hamwey, M., Bader-Larsen, K.S., Cruthirds, D.F., Varpio, L. (2021). The Ties that Bind: Camaraderie in Military Interprofessional Healthcare Teams. Military Medicine. 2021; 186(S3):42-47.    

  24. Varpio, L., Bader-Larsen, K.S., Hamwey, M.K., Meyer, H.S., Artino, A., Cruthirds, D.F., Durning, S.J. (2021). New Insights about Military Interprofessional Healthcare Teams: Lessons Learned and New Directions from a Program of Research.Military Medicine. 2021; 186(S3):53-59.   

  25. MacLeod, M., Parker, R., Varpio, L. (2021). Introduction to the JGME Literature Review Series. Journal of Graduate Medical Education. 13(6):797-800.    


  1. **Invited** Varpio, L, MacLeod, A. (2020). The philosophy of science series: Harnessing the interdisciplinary edge effect in health professions education research. Academic Medicine. 95(5):686-689.  

  2. **Invited** Varpio, L., Young, M., Uijtdehaage, S., Paradis, E. (2020). The distinctions between theory, theoretical framework, and conceptual framework. Academic Medicine. 95(7):989-994. 

  3. **Invited** MacLeod, A., Ellaway, R., Paradis, E., Park, Y.S., Rees, C., Young, M., Varpio, L., (2020) Being Edgy in Health Professions Education: Concluding the Philosophy of Science Series. Academic Medicine. 95(7):995-998. 

  4. **Invited** Young, M., Varpio, L., Uijtdehaage, S., Paradis, E. (2020). The spectrum of inductive and deductive research approaches using quantitative and qualitative data. Academic Medicine. 95(7):1122.

  5. Humphrey-Murto, S., O’Brien, B., ten Cate, O., Irby, D., Hu, W., van der Vleuten, Gruppen, L., Hamstra, S., Durning, S.J., Varpio, L. (2020). 14 Years Later: Follow-up Study of 8 Health Professions Education Scholarship Units. Academic Medicine. 95(4):629-636. 

  6. Thomas, A., Lubarsky, S., Varpio, L., Durning, S.J., Young, M. (2020). Scoping reviews in health professions education: challenges, considerations, and lessons learned about epistemology and methodology. Advances in Health Sciences Education. 25(4):989-1002.

  7. Kiger, M., Varpio, L. (2020). Thematic Analysis of Qualitative Data: AMEE Guide No. 131. Medical Teacher. 42(8):846-854.

  8. Etmanski, B., Hamstra, S., Varpio, L. (2020). The sensemaking narratives of scientists working in health professions education scholarship units: The Canadian experience. Perspectives on Medical Education. 9:157-165.

  9. Mavis, B., Gabbur, N., Nelson, E., Schroedl, C., Shea, J., Varpio, L. (2020). Learn Serve Lead Medical Education Submissions: Demystifying the Decision Process. Academic Medicine. 95(11S):S122.

  10. ** Invited** Bynum, W., J. Fox, Varpio, L.. (2020). In Reply to Dr Dyster [Letters to the editor]. Academic Medicine. 95(8):1127-1128.

  11. Chamberland, M., Mamede, S., Bergeron, L., Varpio, L. (2019). A layered analysis of self-explanation and structured reflection to support clinical reasoning in medical students. Perspectives on Medical Education. doi: 0.1007/s40037-020-00603-2.

  12. **Invited** Bynum, W., Varpio, L., Teunissen, P.W. (2020). Why impaired wellness may be inevitable in medicine and why that may not be a bad thing. Medical Education. 55(1);16-22.

  13. Bourgeois-Law, G., Regehr, G., Teunissen, P.W., Varpio, L. (2020). Educator, Judge, Public Defender: Conflicting roles for remediation of practicing physicians. Medical Education. 54(12): 1171-1179. 

  14. Varpio, L., O’Brien, B., Rees, C., Monrouxe, L., Ajjawi, R., Paradis, E. (2020). The applicability of generalizability and bias in health professions education’s research. Medical Education. 55(2):167-173. 

  15. Van Schalkwyk, S., O’Brien, B., van der Vleuten, C., Wilkinson, T., Meyer, I., Schmutz, A., Varpio, L. (2020). Exploring Perspectives on Health Professions Education Scholarship Units from Sub-Saharan Africa. Perspectives on Medical Education. 9(6): 359-366.

  16. McOwen, K., Zaidi, Z., Varpio, L. (2020). The Five W’s of RIME Program Planning. Academic Medicine. 95(11S): S123.

  17. Bynum, W., Varpio, L., Lagoo, J., Teunissen, P. (2020). “I’m unworthy of being in this space”: The origins of shame in medical students. Medical Education. 55(2): 185-197.

  18. Kiger, M., Meyer, H., Varpio, L. (2020). “It’s you, me on the team together, and my child”: Attending, resident, and patient family perspectives on patient ownership in resident continuity clinics. Perspectives on Medical Education. doi:10.1007/s40037-020-00635-8. 

  19. Rachul, C., Varpio, L. (2020). More than words: How multimodal analysis can help medical education. Advances in Health Sciences Education. 25(5): 1087-1097. 

  20. **Invited** Varpio, L., Teunissen, P.W. (2020). Leadership in interprofessional healthcare teams: Empowering knotworking with followership. Medical Teacher. 43(1): 32-47. doi: 10.1080/0142159X.2020.1791318. 


  1. Bynum, W., Artino, A.R., Uijtdehaage, S., Webb, A.M., Varpio, L. (2019). Sentinel emotional events: the nature, triggers, and effect of shame experiences in medical residents. Academic Medicine. 94(1): 85-93.

  2. St.Onge, C., Young, M., Varpio, L. (2019). Development and Validation of a Health Professions Education-focused Scholarly Mentorship Assessment Tool. Perspectives on Medical Education. 8(1): 43-46.

  3. Bourgois-Law, G., Varpio, L., Regehr, G., Teunissen P., (2019). Education or regulation? Exploring underlying conceptualizations of physician remediation. Medical Education. 53(3): 276-284.

  4. Humphrey-Murto, S., Wood, T., Mascioli, K., Gonsalves, C., Varpio, L. (2019). The Delphi Method. Academic Medicine. 92(10)1491-1498. 

  5. Larsen, D., Varpio, L., Nimmon, L. (2019). Cultural Historical Activity Theory: The role of tools and tensions in medical education. Academic Medicine. 94(8)1255.

  6. O’Brien, B., Irby, D., Durning, S.J., Hamstra, S., Hu, W., Gruppen, L., Varpio, L. (2019). Boyer and Beyond: A study of health professions education scholarship units in the United States and a synthetic framework for scholarship at the unit-level. Academic Medicine. 94(6):893-901.

  7. Hamwey, M., Allen, L., Hay, M., Varpio, L. (2019). Bronfenbrenner’s Bioecological Model of Human Development: Applications for Medical Education. Academic Medicine. 94(10):1621.

  8. Stephens, M.B., Bader, K.S., Myers, K.R., Walker, M.S., Varpio, L. (2019). Professional Identity Formation and the Ancient Art of Mask-Making. Journal of General Internal Medicine. 34(7):1113-1115.

  9. Kahlke, R., Varpio, L. (2019). Positioning the work of health professions education scholarship units: How Canadian directors harness institutional logics. Academic Medicine. 94(12):1988-1994.

  10. **Invited** Young, M., LaDonna, K., Varpio, L., Balmer, D. (2019). Fluidity of focal length: Research questions in health professions education research and scholarship. Academic Medicine. 94(11S):S1-S4.

  11. Bourgeois-Law, G., Teunissen, P.W., Varpio, L., Regehr, G. (2019). Attitudes Towards Physicians Requiring Remediation: One-of-Us or Not-Like-Us? Academic Medicine, Research in Medical Education supplement. 53(3):276-284.

  12. Kiger, M.E., Meyer, H.S., Hammond, C., Miller, K.M., Dickey, K.J., Hammond, D.V., Varpio, L. (2019). Whose Patient is This? A Scoping Review of Patient Ownership. Academic Medicine, Research in Medical Education supplement. 94(11S):S95-S104.

  13. Neubauer, B., Witkop C, Varpio, L. (2019). Two Philosophies of Phenomenology: Transcendental and Hermeneutic. Perspectives on Medical Education. 8(2):90-97.

  14. Wilcox, S., Varpio, L. (2019). Finding comfort in the discomfort of difficult conversations. Military Medicine. 184(11-12):e590-e593.

  15. Nimmon, L., Artino, A., Varpio, L. (2019). Social network theory in interprofessional education: Revealing hidden power. Journal of Graduate Medical Education. 11(3):247-250.


  1. Bynum, W., Varpio, L. (2018). When I say… Hermeneutic phenomenology. Medical Education. 52(3), 252-253.

  2. Paradis, E., Varpio, L. (2018). Difficult but important questions about the ethics of qualitative research. Perspectives on Medical Education. 7, 65-66.

  3. **Invited** Varpio, L., Nagler, A. (2018). The bumps and bruises from turning a blind eye: Learning from our failures and surprises. Perspectives on Medical Education. 7(S1), 1-3.

  4. **Invited** Varpio, L., McCarthy, A. (2018). How a Needs Assessment Taught Us a Lesson about the Ethics of Educational Research. Perspectives on Medical Education. 7(S1), 34-36.

  5. Velthuis, F., Varpio, L., Helmich, E., Dekker, H., Jaarsma, A.D.C. (2018). Navigating the complexities of undergraduate medical curriculum change: Change leaders’ perspectives. Academic Medicine. 93(10): 1503-1510.

  6. **Invited** Varpio, L., Frank, J., Sherbino, J., Young. M. (2018). Research Environments: Can the cloud supplement brick-and-mortar? Medical Education. 52(9), 891-893.

  7. **Invited** Varpio, L. (2018). Using rhetorical appeals to credibility, logic, and emotions to increase your persuasiveness. Perspectives on Medical Education. 7(3), 207-210.

  8. Varpio, L., Bader, K., Meyer, H., Durning, S.J., Artino, A., Hamwey, M. (2018). Interprofessional Healthcare Teams in the Military: A Scoping Literature Review. Military Medicine. 183(11-12): e448-e454.

  9. **Invited** Varpio, L., Driessen, E., Lingard, L., Winston, K., Kulasegaram, M., Nagler, A., Maggio, L., Cleland, J., Schonrock-Adema, J., Paradis, E., Morcke, A., Hu, W., Hay, M., Tolsgaard, M. (2018). Advice from the editors of Perspectives on Medical Education: How to get your research published. Perspectives on Medical Education. 7(6):343-347.

  10. Varpio, L., Ray, R., Dong, T., Hutchinson, J., Durning, S. (2018). Expanding the Burnout Conversation through Conceptions of Role Strain and Role Conflict. Journal of Graduate Medical Education. 10(6): 620-623.

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